Arduino Due and BMP280 barometric pressure sensor example

BMP280 is an absolute barometric pressure sensor especially designed for mobile applications. The sensor module is housed in an extremely compact package. Its small dimensions and its low power consumption allow for the implementation in battery powered devices such as mobile phones, GPS modules or watches.

As its predecessor BMP180, BMP280 is based on Bosch’s proven Piezo-resistive pressure sensor technology featuring high accuracy and linearity as well as long term stability and high EMC robustness. Numerous device operation options offer highest flexibility to optimize the device regarding power consumption, resolution and filter performance. A tested set of default settings for example use case is provided to the developer in order to make design-in as easy as possible.

Applications

– Enhancement of GPS navigation (e.g. time-tofirst-fix improvement, dead-reckoning, slope detection)

– Indoor navigation (floor detection, elevator detection)

– Outdoor navigation, leisure and sports applications

– Weather forecast

– Health care applications (e.g. spirometry)

– Vertical velocity indication (e.g. rise/sink speed)

Parameter Technical data
Operation range (full accuracy) Pressure: 300…1100 hPa
Temperature: -40…85°C
Absolute accuracy
(Temp. @ 0…+65°C)
~ ±1 hPa
Relative accuracy
p = 700…900hPa
(Temp. @ +25…+40°C)
± 0.12 hPa (typical)
equivalent to ±1 m
Average current consumption (1 Hz data refresh rate) 2.74 μA, typical
(ultra-low power mode)
Average current consumption in sleep mode 0.1 μA
Average measurement time 5.5 msec
(ultra-low power preset)
Supply voltage VDDIO 1.2 … 3.6 V
Supply voltage VDD 1.71 … 3.6 V
Resolution of data Pressure: 0.01 hPa ( < 10 cm)
Temperature: 0.01° C
Temperature coefficient offset
(+25°…+40°C @900hPa)
± 0.12 hPa (typical)
equivalent to ±1 m
Interface I²C and SPI

Parts List

name Link
Arduino DUE Black Due R3 Board DUE-CH340 ATSAM3X8E ARM Main Control Board with 50cm USB Cable CH340G for arduino
GY-21p module Atmospheric Humidity Temperature Sensor Breakout Barometric Pressure BMP280 SI7021 for Arduino GY-21P
connecting wire Free shipping Dupont line 120pcs 20cm male to male + male to female and female to female jumper wire

Layout

This is a layout diagram using an adafruit part, my module had clearly marked SDA and SCL connections and no SPI connection

 

arduino due and bmp280

arduino due and bmp280

Code

No libraries needed – this is a controleverything example. There are many libraries if you would rather use one of those

// Distributed with a free-will license.
// Use it any way you want, profit or free, provided it fits in the licenses of its associated works.
// BMP280
// This code is designed to work with the BMP280_I2CS I2C Mini Module available from ControlEverything.com.
// https://www.controleverything.com/content/Barometer?sku=BMP280_I2CSs#tabs-0-product_tabset-2
 
#include<Wire.h>
 
// BMP280 I2C address is 0x76(108)
#define Addr 0x76
 
void setup()
{
  // Initialise I2C communication as MASTER
  Wire.begin();
  // Initialise Serial communication, set baud rate = 9600
  Serial.begin(9600);
}
 
void loop()
{
  unsigned int b1[24];
  unsigned int data[8];
  for (int i = 0; i < 24; i++)
  {
    // Start I2C Transmission
    Wire.beginTransmission(Addr);
    // Select data register
    Wire.write((136 + i));
    // Stop I2C Transmission
    Wire.endTransmission();
 
    // Request 1 byte of data
    Wire.requestFrom(Addr, 1);
 
    // Read 1 byte of data
    if (Wire.available() == 1)
    {
      b1[i] = Wire.read();
    }
  }
  // Convert the data
  // temp coefficients
  unsigned int dig_T1 = (b1[0] & 0xFF) + ((b1[1] & 0xFF) * 256);
  int dig_T2 = b1[2] + (b1[3] * 256);
  int dig_T3 = b1[4] + (b1[5] * 256);
 
  // pressure coefficients
  unsigned int dig_P1 = (b1[6] & 0xFF) + ((b1[7] & 0xFF) * 256);
  int dig_P2 = b1[8] + (b1[9] * 256);
  int dig_P3 = b1[10] + (b1[11] * 256);
  int dig_P4 = b1[12] + (b1[13] * 256);
  int dig_P5 = b1[14] + (b1[15] * 256);
  int dig_P6 = b1[16] + (b1[17] * 256);
  int dig_P7 = b1[18] + (b1[19] * 256);
  int dig_P8 = b1[20] + (b1[21] * 256);
  int dig_P9 = b1[22] + (b1[23] * 256);
 
  // Start I2C Transmission
  Wire.beginTransmission(Addr);
  // Select control measurement register
  Wire.write(0xF4);
  // Normal mode, temp and pressure over sampling rate = 1
  Wire.write(0x27);
  // Stop I2C Transmission
  Wire.endTransmission();
 
  // Start I2C Transmission
  Wire.beginTransmission(Addr);
  // Select config register
  Wire.write(0xF5);
  // Stand_by time = 1000ms
  Wire.write(0xA0);
  // Stop I2C Transmission
  Wire.endTransmission();
 
  for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
  {
    // Start I2C Transmission
    Wire.beginTransmission(Addr);
    // Select data register
    Wire.write((247 + i));
    // Stop I2C Transmission
    Wire.endTransmission();
 
    // Request 1 byte of data
    Wire.requestFrom(Addr, 1);
 
    // Read 1 byte of data
    if (Wire.available() == 1)
    {
      data[i] = Wire.read();
    }
  }
 
  // Convert pressure and temperature data to 19-bits
  long adc_p = (((long)(data[0] & 0xFF) * 65536) + ((long)(data[1] & 0xFF) * 256) + (long)(data[2] & 0xF0)) / 16;
  long adc_t = (((long)(data[3] & 0xFF) * 65536) + ((long)(data[4] & 0xFF) * 256) + (long)(data[5] & 0xF0)) / 16;
 
  // Temperature offset calculations
  double var1 = (((double)adc_t) / 16384.0 - ((double)dig_T1) / 1024.0) * ((double)dig_T2);
  double var2 = ((((double)adc_t) / 131072.0 - ((double)dig_T1) / 8192.0) *
                 (((double)adc_t) / 131072.0 - ((double)dig_T1) / 8192.0)) * ((double)dig_T3);
  double t_fine = (long)(var1 + var2);
  double cTemp = (var1 + var2) / 5120.0;
  double fTemp = cTemp * 1.8 + 32;
 
  // Pressure offset calculations
  var1 = ((double)t_fine / 2.0) - 64000.0;
  var2 = var1 * var1 * ((double)dig_P6) / 32768.0;
  var2 = var2 + var1 * ((double)dig_P5) * 2.0;
  var2 = (var2 / 4.0) + (((double)dig_P4) * 65536.0);
  var1 = (((double) dig_P3) * var1 * var1 / 524288.0 + ((double) dig_P2) * var1) / 524288.0;
  var1 = (1.0 + var1 / 32768.0) * ((double)dig_P1);
  double p = 1048576.0 - (double)adc_p;
  p = (p - (var2 / 4096.0)) * 6250.0 / var1;
  var1 = ((double) dig_P9) * p * p / 2147483648.0;
  var2 = p * ((double) dig_P8) / 32768.0;
  double pressure = (p + (var1 + var2 + ((double)dig_P7)) / 16.0) / 100;
 
  // Output data to serial monitor
  Serial.print("Pressure : ");
  Serial.print(pressure);
  Serial.println(" hPa");
  Serial.print("Temperature in Celsius : ");
  Serial.print(cTemp);
  Serial.println(" C");
  Serial.print("Temperature in Fahrenheit : ");
  Serial.print(fTemp);
  Serial.println(" F");
  delay(1000);
}

 

Output

Open the serial monitor and you should see something like this – I sometimes get strange altitude readings – negative values, not sure why

Temperature in Celsius : 21.31 C
Temperature in Fahrenheit : 70.36 F
Pressure : 1331.70 hPa
Temperature in Celsius : 21.30 C
Temperature in Fahrenheit : 70.34 F
Pressure : 1331.70 hPa
Temperature in Celsius : 21.30 C
Temperature in Fahrenheit : 70.34 F
Pressure : 1331.26 hPa
Temperature in Celsius : 21.31 C
Temperature in Fahrenheit : 70.36 F
Pressure : 1331.04 hPa

 

Link

https://ae-bst.resource.bosch.com/media/_tech/media/datasheets/BST-BMP280-DS001-18.pdf

1 piece I2C/SPI BMP280 3.3 Digital Barometric Pressure Altitude Sensor Module High Precision Atmospheric Module for Arduino

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